Melissa Ebbers (ANU): How Not to Construct Epistemic Space: an Objection to Chalmers' Approach in Constructing the World
As a central project in Constructing the World, David Chalmers motivates an approach to constructing a space of epistemically possible worlds through his defense of the Generalized A Priori Scrutability Thesis: there is a compact (i.e., sufficiently small to make the thesis interesting) primitive class of statements that a priori entails all epistemically possible statements.
Launched by Dr Malcolm Allbrook, National Centre of Biography, School of History, ANU
Please RSVP by 14 November 2016: email@example.com
In August 2016, ABS conducted their five yearly population census. For many it was a major change in the approach to data collection, with a reliance on online completion. While the issues surrounding the website and Census Night are well-known the ABS initial assessment is that once again response rates are in the mid 90s.
The presentation looks at the geographical and social aspects of the referendum which was narrowly won in favour of the United Kingdom leaving the European Union. The extensive official record is analysed in terms of the differing social, economic, political, and historical divisions of the United Kingdom and popular attempts to explain the result in terms of a defeat for the Labour Party, a victory for the masses over the elites, a reasse
Since the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, the toppling of Saddam Hussein, and de-Baathification policies, Iraq has struggled to re-establish national unity and effective governance over a fractious society. In the north, antipathy among Sunni tribes towards the Iraqi government under Nouri al-Maliki and rising sectarianism contributed to the breakdown of government-tribal relations and contributed to the spread of ISIS across northern and western Iraq.
Studying the paths to independence of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Nauru, as documented in the National Archives of Australia, offers a distinctive perspective on Australia’s role as administering power of external territories for which it had United Nations trusteeship responsibilities (though only in part for PNG).
Two recent developments in political theory are the following. On the one hand, Miranda Fricker (2007) has argued that people suffer a distinctively epistemic form of injustice when they are harmed in their capacity as a knower. On the other hand, a range of authors have followed Daniel Butt (2004) in arguing that benefiting from injustice ('BFI') can be a source of moral obligation. I argue that consideration of the special case of Epistemic Injustice can teach us valuable lessions about the contours of BFI more generally.
Join Frank Bongiorno, Associate Professor, School of History, Australian National University to delve into the lives of the Denmans and explore a fascinating period of Australian history.
This public event is related to the Gallery's current exhibition Peace, Love and World War: The Denmans, 1910-1917, Empire and Australia.
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Minister in the Nawaz Sharif government in the 1990s, and Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United States from 1991-1994, Syeda Abida Hussain has detailed 40 years of experience in a recently published book.
As part of an international project on colonisation and Indigenous health transitions, we have used the Koori Health Research Database (KHRD), an individual-level reconstitution of the Victorian Aboriginal population, to document the demographic and epidemiological transitions of Victorian Kooris from colonisation through to the resurgence of the population in the twentieth century. We discuss problems of population definition, and present new analyses of fertility and survival for the Koori population.
This presentation will discuss evolving developments in data collection quality control and quality monitoring in international survey research and the challenges and opportunities brought about by the diffusion of affordable technology to developing and transitional countries. Data collection technologies that have been widely used in the the developed world are increasingly being adapted and used in new contexts.
Social discourse about morality often features appeals to fundamental personal commitments. Individuals who wish to justify their conduct to others frequently portray certain actions they pursue as stemming from commitments that are central to their self-conception, and actions they reject as incompatible with their self-conception.
Reasoning is a mental process through which some attitudes of yours – premise attitudes – give rise to a new attitude of your – a conclusion attitude. Not all processes of this sort are reasoning, so what further conditions are essential for a process of this sort to be reasoning? A common view is that you must believe that the content of the conclusion attitude is implied by the contents of the premise attitudes. Call this a ‘first-order linking belief’.
Despite practicing metaphysics for the better part of a decade, I have no idea what it is. A cursory look at the literature reveals at least a dozen distinct accounts of the nature of metaphysics as a discipline. That's horrifying. In this paper, I attempt four things. First, I lay out three desiderata for shaping the discussion of what metaphysics is: (i) Appropriateness; (ii) Neutrality and (iii) Uniqueness. Second, I provide a taxonomy of meta-metaphysical positions regarding the nature of metaphysics itself.
In this paper we provide a psychological explanation for ‘grounding observations’—observations that are thought to provide evidence that there exists a relation of ground. Our explanation does not appeal to the presence of any such relation. Instead, it appeals to certain evolved cognitive mechanisms, along with the traditional modal relations of supervenience, necessitation and entailment.
For some time now, the dominant theory of social cognition has been mindreading (or mentalizing); the ability to attribute mental states in order to explain and predict behaviour. The current state of the art is implicit mindreading: an inherited capacity for automatic and fast mentalizing. However, implicit mindreading has come under pressure, for example the experiments that are supposed to support infant mindreading are problematic and alternative explanations are available. Cecelia Heyes has been at the forefront of these critiques.