Anne Schwenkenbecher (Murdoch): Collective moral action problems, responsibility gaps, and global justice
Collective moral action problems can be puzzling. Sometimes there appears to be a gap between what each of us ought to be doing and what we together ought to be doing: we have to act when I do not. In order to understand how responsibility gaps arise, we need to distinguish between different kinds of collective goods – incremental and fixed-sum – and different types of actions to produce them – genuinely cooperative and distributive actions. In contrast to fixed-sum goods, incremental goods can be produced in degrees.
Several recent authors in philosophy of science—including Weslake (2010), Woodward (2010, 2016), Weatherson (2012), and Franklin-Hall (2016)—argue that the most appropriate description of a particular causal relationship in nature is not necessarily the most detailed or fine-grained description of that trend. My goal in this essay is to provide a methodology for choosing the appropriate level of description for a given causal relationship.
Eamonn McNamara will present his MPhil thesis on the 1998 Belfast or Good Friday Agreement (GFA), a political agreement in Northern Ireland which offered the chance to end the thirty year conflict in Northern Ireland known as ‘the Troubles.’ While many scholars have studied the political, economic and social impacts of the GFA, few have focused on how the Agreement meant to non-political actors, especially ‘victims’ of the Troubles.
Kantian Communitarian Contractarianism and Its Institutions
Fundamental characteristics of recent non-Kantian, non-communitarian “contractarian” approaches are summed up graphically to the right [see below]. These approaches grew out of a rational choice and game theoretic tradition of explaining and justifying the emergence of social order and the state as equilibria of interaction described in terms of Folk theorem logic, growth of conventions etc. (Michael Taylor, Andrew Schotter, Robert Sugden, Brian Skyrms or Ken Binmore and Robert Axelrod).
Professor Matthew Gray and Dr Sriram Shankar
A long run focus of labour market research has been on understanding the reasons why women receive, on average, a lower hourly wage than men. A range of explanations have been proposed including gender differences in characteristics that impact upon wages (e.g., human capital, caring responsibilities), gender differences in the types of jobs held, and discrimination in the workplace.
The Australian National University (ANU) is proud to host the 2017 Biennial Conference of the Australasian Association for Communist and Post-communist Studies (AACaPS). The conference will be held on the ANU campus in Canberra between Thursday, June 29 and Friday, June 30. The conference is open to all scholars, students, professionals and members of the general public with an interest in research on the Soviet and post-Soviet world covering all academic disciplines.
In conjunction with the upcoming Universitry of British Columbia Visits in March 2017, the CSRM will be hosting a public lecture with international guest speaker Dr Kimberly Schonert-Reichl.
What can we do to ensure young people are socially and emotionally fit enough to flourish in learning and in life? Dr Kimberly Schonert-Reichl will discuss the concept and outcomes of educating the whole child.
Following the lecture, there will be an opportunity for a Q&A discussion between the audience and Dr Kimberly Schonert-Reichl.
Light refreshments will be provided.
The 2016 Northern Territory Legislative Assembly election compared: Strong winning party advantage and successful independents (including Indigenous)
Graphing simple data for the ten elections for the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly since 1983, we can see that the 2016 election occupies an extreme position. The winning party enjoyed a greater seat/vote advantage and the losing party a greater seat/vote disadvantage than in any of the previous nine elections. By exploring a proportionality profile graphic for these ten elections, this seminar will expand on these observations and also show that:
How the Personal Became Political: Re-Assessing Australia’s Revolutions in Gender and Sexuality in the 1970s
This interdisciplinary 2-day symposium is the ANU Gender Institute Signature Event for 2017 and will celebrate both International Women’s Day and the Institute’s 6th anniversary. See below for full program.
Stephen Wilks will present his thesis on the remarkable but little-studied Earle Christmas Grafton Page (1880-1961) – Country Party leader, Treasurer, Prime Minister and perhaps the most extraordinary visionary to hold high public office in the Australian Commonwealth.
Long-term inequalities in male to female sex ratios have led to a surplus of men and subsequent marriage market imbalances in China. This has been further complicated by the practice of brides marrying upward in social class, which has disproportionally affected lowest-class men in rural areas. The patterns of marriage squeeze are analyzed using data from field research conducted on minorities in several villages in Yunan Province.
Over the past decade, the nature of the challenges and threats affecting the Middle East region have been among the most complex it has ever faced. The region’s political order is in a state of fundamental disequilibrium: from the unravelling of the Sykes-Picot architecture to the emergence of a nuclear Iran, and the unprecedented challenges to the legitimacy of the Arab political system. Each of these challenges is a potential threat to global peace and stability.
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s effort to block the Dakota Access Pipeline is among the most recent Indigenous-led movements connected to climate justice. This presentation seeks to provide an overview of the many different Indigenous-led efforts to achieve climate justice.
Many luck egalitarians argue that social institutions should prioritise neutralising the disadvantages people face which are a result of unchosen social or natural causes, over disadvantages caused by individuals' own reasonably avoidable choices. One of the main objections to luck egalitarianism is known as the Abandonment Objection, which argues that luck egalitarianism is implausibly harsh towards people suffering as the result of their own choices.