The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s effort to block the Dakota Access Pipeline is among the most recent Indigenous-led movements connected to climate justice. This presentation seeks to provide an overview of the many different Indigenous-led efforts to achieve climate justice.
Many luck egalitarians argue that social institutions should prioritise neutralising the disadvantages people face which are a result of unchosen social or natural causes, over disadvantages caused by individuals' own reasonably avoidable choices. One of the main objections to luck egalitarianism is known as the Abandonment Objection, which argues that luck egalitarianism is implausibly harsh towards people suffering as the result of their own choices.
Can a very large number of instances of low (but positive) value outweigh a small number of instances of very high value? When faced with thought experiments like the Repugnant Conclusion and Life for Headaches, many of us have the strong intuition that they cannot: no number of headaches cured can outweigh the value of a life; no number of lives just above the neutral level can outweigh the value of a smaller number of flourishing lives.
This talk is a TPR. It will contain an overview of my thesis and a paper. The question that I will answer in my thesis is: how confident should you be in your own philosophical theories? To answer this question I will be looking at some large sources of evidence that might undermine our confidence in our philosophical methods. These bodies of evidence are: widespread disagreement, experimental results from X-phil, and the history of philosophy. I will also develop an account of how to incorporate the particular type of evidence you get from these sources.
Social egalitarians argue that equality should be understood in ‘social’ or ‘relational’ terms. They claim the most deeply objectionable forms of inequality involve social hierarchy, as exemplified by slavery, patriarchy, and other pernicious divisions of class or caste. The goal of egalitarianism is to replace hierarchy with relations of equality. Social egalitarians worry that contemporary political philosophy has lost sight of this goal.
Thesis: Moral Anti-Rationalism and Consequentialism
Demography is about good statistics, but should we believe the numbers we produce?
For instance, do these puzzles have good explanations?
If an average woman in Switzerland goes through her full reproductive life when the average fertility rate (TFR) is 1.5, how does she end up with an average of 1.8 children?
How can it be that the TFR of foreigners is higher that that of the native Swiss, yet they have smaller families?
If spacing between children has remained constant, how is it that the difference in mean age of successive birth orders has declined?
AACaPS 13th Biennial ConferenceA Century of Revolutionary Change: 1917-2017
June 29-30, 2017
Australian National University,
Dr Laurajane Smith,
ARC Future Fellow, School of Archaeology & Anthropology,
The Australian National University,
Larry Saha Room 2175 Haydon-Allen Building